RCTs: search by authors

Randomized controlled studies on operative treatment of chronic venous disease (surgery, chemical and thermal ablation) published since 1990.
Review by Michel PERRIN.


• Reverse foam sclerotherapy of the great saphenous vein and saphenofemoral ligation compared to standard and invagination stripping: A prospective clinical series.Abela R, Liamis A, Prionidis I, Mathai J, Gorton L, Browne T, Panayotopoulos Y.
Eur J Vasc endovasc Surg. 2008:36:485-490.
Table XVTable XII | Article in PubMed
• Radiofrequency Endovenous Closure FASTversus Laser Ablation for the Treatment of Great Saphenous Reflux: A Multicenter, Single-blinded, Randomized Study (RECOVERY Study).Almeida JI, Kaufman J, Oliver Göckeritz O, Chopra P, Evans M T, Hoheim DF, Makhou RG, Richards T, Wenzel C,Raines JK.
J Vasc Interv. Radiol. 2009;20:752–759.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• Efficacy and safety of sclerotherapy polidocanol foam: a controlled clinical trial.Alos J, Carreno P, Lopez JA, Estadella B, -Prat M, Marinel-lo J.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006;31:101-107.
Table XX | Article in PubMed
• Prospective randomized controlled trial : conventional versus powered phlebectomy.Aremu M, Mahendran B, Butcher W, Khan Z, Colgan MP,Moore J et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2004;39:88-94.
Table V | Article in PubMed
• Traditional versus Endoscopic Saphenous Vein Stripping: A Prospective Randomized Pilot Trial.Assadian A, Wickenhauser G, Hübl W, B. Wiltos B, A. Sami A, Senekowitsch C, G.W. Hagmüller GW.
Eur. J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;36:611-615.
Article in PubMed
• Compression Stockings after Endovenous Laser Ablation of the Great Saphenous Vein: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial.Bakker NA, Schieven LW, BruinsRMG, van den Berg M Hissink RJ.
Eur. J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2013;46:588-592.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Comparaison of surgery and compression with compression alone in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR study): randomised controlled trial.Barwell JR, Davies CE, Deacon J, Harvey K, Minor M, Sassano A; Taylor M et al.
Lancet. 2004;363:1854-1859.
Table II | Article in PubMed
• Flush ligation of the saphenofemoral junction versus simple, distal ligation, 10 year, follow-up. The safe study. Angeiologie. Belcaro G, Nicolaides AN, Cesarone NM, De Sanctis MT, Incandela L, Errichi BM et al.
Angeiologie. 2002;54:19-23.
Table XV
• Superficial thrombophlebitis of the legs : a randomized, controlled follow-up study.Belcaro G, Nicolaides AN, Errichi BM, Cesarone MR, De Sanctis MT, Incandela L, Venniker R.
Angiology. 1999;50:523-529.
Article in PubMed
• External femoral vein valvuloplasty with limited anterior plication (LAP) : a 10-year randomized, follow-up study .Belcaro G, Nicolaides AN, Ricci A, Laurora G, Errichi BM, Cesarone MR, De Sanctis MT. Incandela L.
Angiology. 1999;50:531-536.
Article in PubMed
• Endovascular sclerotherapy, surgery and surgery plus sclerotherapy in superficial venous incompetence. A randomized, 10-year follow-up trial-Final results. Belcaro G, Nicolaides AN, Ricci A, Dugall M, Errichi BM, Vasdekis S Christopoulos D.
Angiology. 2000;51:529-534.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Foam sclerotherapy, surgery,sclerotherapy and combined treatment for varicose veins. A 10-year, prospective, randomised, controlled trial (VEDICO trial).Belcaro G, Cesarone NM, Di Renzo A, Bandolini R, Coen L, Acerbi G et al.
Angiology. 2003;54:307-315.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Comparing endovenous laser ablation, foam sclerotherapy, and conventional surgery for great saphenous varicose veins.Biemans AAM, Kockaert M, Akkersdijk GP, van den Bos RR, de Maeseneer MGR, 240 Cuypers P et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2013;58:727-734.
Table XIII | Article in PubMed
• Randomizsed Clinical trial of the duration of compression therapy after varicose vein surgery.Biswas S, Clark A, Shield DA.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2007;33:631-637.
Article in PubMed
• Ultrasound-Guided Sclerotherapy of the Great Saphenous Vein with 1% vs. 3% Polidocanol Foam: A Multicentre Double-Blind Randomised Trial with 3-Year Follow-Up. Blaise S, Bosson Jl, Diamand JM.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;39:779-786.
Table XXI | Article in PubMed
• Late follow-up of a randomized trial of routine duplex imaging before varicose vein surgery.Blomgren L, Johansson G, Emmanuelson L, Dahlberg-Akerman A, Thermaenius P, Berrgqvist D.
Br J Surg. 2011;98:1112–1116.
Article in PubMed
• A randomised trial of different compression dressings following varicose vein surgery.Bond R, Whyman M R, Wlikins D C, Walker A J, Ashley S.
Phlebology. 1999;14:9-11. DOI : 10.1177/026835559901400103
• Intra-procedural pain score in a randomised controlled trial comparing mechanochemical ablation to radiofrequency ablation: The Multicentre VenefitTM versus ClariVein® for varicose veins trial.Bootun R, Lane TRA, Dharmarajah B, Lim CS, Najem M, Renton S, Sritharan K, Davies AH.
Phlebology. 2016;31(1):61-65.
Table XXIX | Article in PubMed
• Ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy combined with sapheno-femoral ligation compared to surgical treatment of varicose veins: early results of a randomised contolled trial.Bountouroglou DG, Azzam M, Pathmarajh M, Young P , Geroulakos G.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006;31:93-100.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• A prospective comparison of a new cyanoacrylate glue and laser ablation for the treatment of venous insufficiency.Bozkurt AK, Yilmaz MF.
Phlebology. 2016;31(1 Suppl):106-113.
Table XXX | Article in PubMed
• Comparison of Endovenous Laser and Radiofrequency Ablation in Treating Varicose Veins in the Same Patient.Bozoglan O, Mese B, Eroglu E, Erdogan MB, Erdem K, Ekerbicer HC, Yasim A.
Vasc & Endovasc Surg. 2016;50(1):47-51.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• A Randomized Trial Comparing Treatments for Varicose Veins.Brittenden C, Cotton SC, Elders A, Ramsay CR, Norrie J, Burr J et al.
New Engl J Med. 2014.371(13):1218-1227.
Table XIII | Article in PubMed
• Prospective randomized trial comparing conventional (Babcock) stripping with inverting (Pin) stripping of the long saphenous vein.Buttler CM, Scurr JH, Coleridge Smith PD.
Phlebology. 2002;17:59-63. doi: 10.1177/026835550201700204
Table XV
• Standard stripping versus long saphenous vein saving surgery for primary varicose veins : a prospective, randomized study with the patients as their own controls.Campanello M, Hammarsten J, Forsberg S,C,Bernland P et al.
Phlebology. 1996;11:45-49. doi: 10.1177/026835559601100202
Table IV
• Stripping vs haemodynamic correction (CHIVA): a long term randomised trial.Carandina S, Mari C, De Palma M, et al.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;35:230-237.
Table VI | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of concomitant or sequential phlebectomy after endovenous laser therapy for varicose veins.Carradice D, Mekako AI, Hatfield J,Chetter IC.
Br J Surg. 2009;96:369-375.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of endovenous laser ablation compared with conventional surgery for great saphenous varicose veins.Carradice D, Mekako AI, Mazari FAK,Samuel N,Hatfield J, Chetter IC.
Br J Surg. 2011;98:501-510.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Clinical and technical poutcomes from a randomized clinical trial of endovenous laser ablation compared with conventional surgery for great saphenous varicose veins.Carradice D, Mekako AI, Mazari FAK,Samuel N,Hatfield J, Chetter IC.
Br J Sur. 2011;98:1117-1123.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Great saphenous vein surgery without high ligation of the saphenofemoral junction.Casoni P, Lefebvre-Villardebo M, Villa F, Corona P.
J Vasc Surg 2013;58:173-178.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Outcomes and side effects of duplex-guided sclerotherapy in the treatment of great saphenous veins with 1% versus 3% polidocanol foam: results of a randomized controlled trial with1-Year follow-up.Ceulen RPM, Bullens-Goessens YIJM, Pi-Van De Venne SJA, Nelemans PJ, Veraart JCJM, Sommer A.
Dermatol Surg. 2007;33:276-281.
Table XXI | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial comparing multiple stab incision phlebectomy and transilluminated powered phlebectomy for varicose veins.Chetter I C, Mylankal, K J, Hughes H, Fitridge R.
Br J Surg. 2006;93:169-174.
Table V | Article in PubMed
• Prospective randomized trial comparing endovenous laser ablation and surgery for treatment of primary great saphenous varicose veins with a 2-year follow-up.Christenson JT, Gueddi S, Gemayel G, Bounameaux H.
J Vasc Surg. 2010;52:1234-1241.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Wound infection following high saphenous ligation: a trial comparing two skin closure techniques:subcuticular polyglycolic acid and interrupted monofilament nylon mattress sutures.Corder AP, Schache DJ, Farquharson SM, Tristram S.
JR Coll Surg Ed. 1991;36(2):100-102.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Randomized Clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation with surgery for the treatment of primary great saphenous veins.Darwood RJ, Theivacumar N, Dellagrammaticas D, Mayor AL, Gough MJ.
Br J Surg. 2008; 95: 294-301.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Comparison of endovenous treatment with an 810 nm laser versus conventional stripping of the great saphenous vein in patients with primary varicose veins.de Medeiros CA, Luccas GC.
Dermatol Surg. 2005;31:1685-1694.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Ambulatory phlebectomy versus compression sclerotherapy: results of a randomized controlled trial.De Roos KP, Nieman FHM, Neumann M.
Dermatol Surg. 2003;29:221-226.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized comparison of Costs and Cost-effectiveness of cryostripping and Endovenous Laser ablation for Varicose veins: 2 –Year results.Disselhoff BC, Buskens E, Kelder JC, der Kinderen DJ, Moll FL
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;37:357-363. 19111485
Table XVIII
• Is there a risk for lymphatic complications after endovenous laser treatment versus cryostripping of the great saphenous vein ? A prospective study.Disselhoff BC, der Kinderen DJ, Moll FL.
Phlebology. 2008;23:10-14.
Table XVIII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial comparing endovenous laser with cryostripping for great saphenous varicose veins.Disselhoff BC, der Kinderen DJ, Kelder JC, Moll FL.
Br J Surg. 2008; 95:1232-1238.
Table XVIII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein with and without ligation of the saphenofemoral junction: 2-year results.Disselhoff BC, der Kinderen DJ, Kelder JC, Moll FL.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;36:713-718.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Five-year results of a randomised clinical trial of endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein with and without ligation of the saphenofemoral junction.Disselhoff BC, der Kinderen DJ, Kelder JC, Moll FL.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2011;41;685-690.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Comparison of 980 nm Laser and Bare-tip fibre with1470 nm Laser and radial Fibre in the treatment of great Saphenous vein varicosities: A prospective randomized controlled trial.Doganci S, Demirkilic U.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;40:254-259.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Comparing cold and warm tumescent anesthesia for pain perception during and after the endovenous ablation procedure with 1470nm diode laser.Dumantepe M, Uyar I.
Phlebology. 2015;30:45-51.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Subfascial ligation at three different levels versus partial exeresis of the incompetent short saphenous vein: A randomized clinical trial.Dumas BE, Spronk S, Boelhouwer RU, den Hoed PT.
J Vasc Nur. 2007;25:12-18
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• A prospective randomised trial of PIN versus Conventional stripping in varicose vein surgery.Durkin MT, Turton EPL, Scott DJA, Berridge DC.
R Coll Surg Engl. 1999; 81: 171–174.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Long Saphenous Vein Stripping and Quality of life – a randomized trial.Durkin MT, Turton EPL, Wijesinghe LD, Scott DJA, Berridge DC.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2001;21:545-549.
Article in PubMed
• Stripping the long saphenous vein reduces the rate of reoperation for recurrent varicose veins. Five-year results of a randomized trial. Dwerryhouse S, Davies B, Harradine K, Earnshaw JJ.
J Vasc Surg. 1999;29:589-592.
Table IVTable XV | Article in PubMed
• Haemostatic activation and Inflammatory response after three methods of treatment of great saphenous vein incompetence.Dzieciuchowicz L, Espinosa G, Páramo JA.
Phlebology. 2014;29:154–163.
Table IX | Article in PubMed
• Sclerotherapy or surgery as treatment for varicose veins: A prospective randomized study.Einarsson E, Eklöf B, Neglén P.
Phlebology. 1993;8:22-26. doi: 10.1177/026835559300800106
Table XII
• Clinical outcomes and quality of life 5 years after a randomized trial of concomitant or sequential phlebectomy following endovenous laser ablation for varicose veins.El-Sheika J, Nandrah S, Carradice D, Wallace T, Samuel N, Smith GE et al.
Br J Surg. 2014;101:1093-1097.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Great saphenous vein radiofrequency ablation versus standard stripping in the management of primary varicose veins- a randomized clinical trial.Elkaffas KH, Elkashef O, Elbaz W.
Angiology. 2010;62:49-54.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Results of surgical treatment compared with Ultrasound- guided foam sclerotherapy in patients with varicose veins : a prospective randomised trial.Figueiredo M, Araujo Q, Barros Jr N, Miranda Jr F.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;38:758-763.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser ablation with and without high ligation compared with high ligation and stripping in the treatment of great saphenous varicose veins: initial results of a multicentre randomized controlled trial.Flessenkämper I, Hartmann M, Stenger D, Roll S.
Phlebology. 2013;28:16-23.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser ablation with and without high ligation compared with high ligation and stripping for treatment of great saphenous varicose veins: Results of a multicentre randomised controlled trial with up to 6 years follow-up.Flessenkämper I, Hartmann M, Hartmann K, Stenger D, Roll S.
Phlebology. 2016;31(1):23,33.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Reduction of neoreflux after correctly performed ligation of the Saphenous junction. A randomized trial. Frings N, Nelle A, Tran Ph, Fischer R, Krug W.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2004;28:246-252.
Article in PubMed
• A randomized, controlled trial of endovenous thermal ablation using the 810-nm wavelength laser and the ClosurePLUS radiofrequency ablation methods for superficial venous insufficiency of the great saphenous vein.Gale SS. Lee JN, Walsh ME, Wojnarowski DL, Comerota AJ.
J Vasc Surg. 2010;52: 645-650.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• Five-year follow-up of a randomized, controlled trial comparing saphenofemoral ligation and stripping of the great saphenous vein with endovenous laser ablation (980 nm) using local tumescent anesthesia.Gauw SA, Lawson JA, van Vlijmen-van Keulen CJ, Pronk P, Gaastra MT, Mooij MC.
J Vasc Surg. 2016;63(2):420-428.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Reoperation for recurrent saphenofemoral incompetence: a prospective randomized trial using a reflected flap of pectineus fascia.Gibbs PJ, Foy DMA, Darke SG.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 1999;18:494-498.
Article in PubMed
• Long term results of compression therapy alone versus compression plus surgery in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR). Randomised controlled trial. Gohel MS, Barwell JR, Taylor M, Chant T, Foy C , Earnshaw JJ Heather BP, Mitchell DC, Whyman MR, Poskitt KR.
Br J Surg. 2007;335(7610):83. 17545185
Table II
• Randomized clinical trial of compression plus surgery versus compression alone in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR study)- haemodynamic and anatomical changes.Gohel MS, Barwell JR, Earnshaw JJ, Heather BP, Mitchell DC, Whyman MR, Poskitt KR.
Br J Surg. 2005;92:291-297.
Table II | Article in PubMed
• Laser and Radiofrequency ablation Study): a randomized Study comparing Radiofrequency Ablation and Endovenous Laser Ablation ( 810 nm).Goode SD, Chowdurry A, Crockett M, Beech A, Simpson R, Richards, Braithwaite BD.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;40:246-253.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of varicose vein surgery with compression versus compression alone for the treatment of venous ulceration.Guest M, Smith JJ, Tripuraneni G, Howard A, Madden P, Greenhalgh RM, Davies AH.
Phlebology. 2003;18:130-136. doi:10.1258/026835503322381333
Table II
• Less Painful Tumescent Solution for Patients Undergoing Endovenous Laser Ablation of the Saphenous Vein.Gunes T, Altin F, Kutas B, Aydin S, Erkoc K, Eygi B, Alur I, Ozdemir F
Ann Vasc Surg. 2015; 29(6):1123-1127
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Recurrence rate by neovascularization following a modification of long saphenous vein operation in the groin: a prospective randomized duplex-ultrasound controlled study. [in German]Haas E, Burkhardt T, Maile.
Phlebologie. 2005;34:101-4.
Table XV
• [Etude 3/1. Mousse de polidocanol 3% versus 1% dans la grande veine saphène: premiers résultats.]Hamel-Desnos C, Allaert FA, Benigni J-P, Boitelle G, Chleir F, Ouvry P,et al.
Phlébologie. 2005;58:165-173. In French. ISSN 0031-8280 CODEN PHLBA2
Table XXI
• Evaluation of the efficacy of polidocanol in the form of foam compared with liquid form in sclerotherapy of the greater saphenous vein: initial results.Hamel-Desnos C, Desnos P, Wollmann J, Ouvry P, Mako S, Allaert FA.
Dermatol Surg. 2003;29:1170–1175.
Table XX | Article in PubMed
• Comparison of 1% and 3% polidocanol foam in ultrasound guided sclerotherapy of the great saphenous vein: a randomized, double-blind trial with 2 year-follow-up. The 3/1 study. Hamel-Desnos C, Ouvry P, Benigni JP, Boitelle G, Schadeck M, Desnos P et al.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2007;34:723-729.
Table XXI | Article in PubMed
• Foam sclerotherapy of the saphenous veins: randomized controlled trial with or without compression.Hamel-Desnos C, Guias B.J., Desnos P.R., Mesgard A.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;39:500-507.
Table XXII | Article in PubMed
• In vivo biological effects of foam sclerotherapy.Hamel-Desnos C, Desnos P.R., Ferre B, Le Querec A.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2011;42:238-245.
Table XXII | Article in PubMed
• Sclerotherapy of varicose veins in patients with documented thrombophilia: a prospective controlled randomized study of 105 cases.Hamel-Desnos CM, Gillet JL, Desnos PR , Allaert PA.
Phlebology. 2009;24:176-182.
Table XXIV | Article in PubMed
• Long saphenous vein saving surgery for varicose vein. A Long term follow-up. Hammarsten J, Pederson P, Cederlund C-G, Campanello M.
Eur J Vasc Surg. 1990;4:361-364.
Table IV | Article in PubMed
• Long Saphenous vein saving surgery for varicose vein.Hammarsten J, Campanello M, Pedusen P.
Eur J Vasc Surg. 1993;7:763-764.
Table IV | Article in PubMed
• A prospective randomised controlled trial of VNUS Closure versus surgery for the treatment of recurrent long saphenous varicose veins.Hinchliffe RJ, Uhbi J, Beech A, EllisonJ, Braithwaite.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006;31:212-218.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Comparison of 1470 nm Laser and Radial 2ring Fiber with 980 nm Laser and Bare-Tip Fiber in Endovenous Laser Ablation of Saphenous Varicose Veins: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Non-Blind Study.Hirokawa M, Ogawa T, Sugawara H, Shokoku S, Sato S.
Ann Vasc Dis. 2015;8(4):282-289.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• The effect of nitroglycerin ointment on great saphenous vein targeted venous access size diameter with endovenous laser treatment.Hogue RS, Schul MW, Dando CF, Erdman BE .
Phlebology. 2008;23:222-226.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Incidence of lesions of the saphenous nerve after partial or complete stripping of the long saphenous vein.Holme JB, Skajaa K, Holme K.
Acta Chir Scand. 1990;156:145-148.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• To Wear or not to Wear Compression Stockings after Varicose Vein Stripping: A Randomised Controlled Trial.Houtermans-Auckel JP, van Rossum E, Teijink JAW, Dahlmans AAHR , Eussen EFB Nicolaï SPA, Welten R J.Th.J.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;38:387-391.
Article in PubMed
• Neovascularisation is the principal cause of varicose vein recurrence: results of a randomised trial of stripping the long saphenous vein.Jones L, Braithwaite BD, Selwyn D, Cooke S, Earnshaw JJ.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 1996;12:442-445.
Article in PubMed
• Outcome of different endovenous laser wavelengths for great saphenous vein ablation.Kabnick LS,
J Vasc Surg. 2006;43:88-93.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Efficacy of sclerotherapy in varicose veins. A prospective, blinded, placebo-controlled study. Kahle B, Leng K.
Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:723-728.
Table XIX | Article in PubMed
• Long Term Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial on Ultrasound Guided Foam Sclerotherapy Combined with Sapheno-femoral Ligation vs Standard Surgery for Varicose Veins.Kalodiki E, Lattimer C R, Azzam M, Shawish E, Bountouroglou D G, Geroulakos G.
J Vasc Surg. 2012;55:451-457.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• High ligation combined with stripping and endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein: Early results of a randomized controlled study.Kalteis M, Berger I, Messie-Werndl S, Pistrich R, Schimetta W, Pölz W, Hieller F.
J Vasc Surg. 2008;47:822-829.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Five-Year Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing High Ligation Combined With Endovenous Laser Ablation and Stripping of the Great Saphenous Vein.Kalteis M, Adelsgruber P, Messie-Werndl S, Gangl O, Berger I.
Dermatol Surg. 2015;41(5):579-586.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Radiofrequency ablation (VNUS Closure) does not cause neo-vascularisation at the groin at one year : results of a case controlled study.Kianifard B, Holdstock JM, Whiteley MS.
Surgeon. 2006;4:71-74.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of the effect of adding subfascial endoscopic perforator surgery to standard great saphenous vein stripping.Kianifard B, Holdstock J, Allen C, Smith C, Price B, Whiteley MS.
Br J Surg. 2007;94:1075-1080.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• A randomized trial of cryostripping versus conventional stripping of the great saphenous vein.Klem TMAL, Schnater JM, Schütte PR, Hop W, van der Ham AC, Wittens CHA.
J Vasc Surg. 2009;49:403-409.
Table III | Article in PubMed
• Roll-in phase analysis of clinical study of cyanoacrylate closure for incompetent great saphenous veins.Kolluri R, Gibson K, Cher D, Madsen M, Weiss R, Morrison N.
J Vasc Surg & Venous Lym Dis. 2016;4(4):407-415.
Table XXVIII | Article in PubMed
• Prospective study of a single treatment strategy for local tumescent anesthesia in Muller phlebectomy.Krasznai AG, Sigterman TA, Willems CE, Dekkers P, Snoeijs MGJ, Wittens CHA et al.
Ann Vasc Surg. DOI/j.avsg. 2014.10 .028 -
Table V | Article in PubMed
• A randomised controlled trial comparing compression therapy after radiofrequency ablation for primary great saphenous vein incompetence.Krasznai AG, Sigterman TA, Troquay S, Houtermans-Auckel JP, Snoeijs M, Rensma HG, Sikkink C, Bouwman LH.
Phlebology. 2016;31(2):118-124.
Table XXVII | Article in PubMed
• Clarivein® mechano-chemical ablation an interim analysis of a randomized controlled trial dose-finding study.Lam YL, Toonder IM, Wittens CH.
Phlebology. 2016;31(3):170-176.
Table XXXI | Article in PubMed
• Ambulatory varicosity avulsion later or synchronized (AVULS). A randomized clinical trial. Lane TRA, Kelleher D, Sheperd AC,Franklin IJ, Davies AU.
Annals of Surgery 2014.
Table XXVII | Article in PubMed
• Validation of a New Duplex Derived Haemodynamic Effectiveness Score, the Saphenous Treatment Score, in Quantifying Varicose Vein Treatments.Lattimer C R, Kalodiki E Azzam M , Geroulakos G.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2012;43:348-354.
Table XXV | Article in PubMed
• Cost and Effectiveness of Laser with Phlebectomies Compared with Foam Sclerotherapy in Superficial Venous Insufficiency. Early Results of a Randomised Controlled Trial. Lattimer C R, Azzam M , Kalodiki E Shawish E Geroulakos G.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2012;43:594-600.
Table XXV | Article in PubMed
• Interim results on abolishing reflux alongside a randomized clinical trial on laser ablation with phlebectomies versus foam sclerotherapy.Lattimer C R, Kalodiki E, Azzam M, Makris GC, Somiayajalu S,Geroulakos G.
Int Angiol. 2013;22(4):393-403.
Table XXV | Article in PubMed
• Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy of the great saphenous vein with-saphenofemoral junction ligation compared to standard stripping: a prospective clinical study.Liu X, Jia X, Guo W, Xiong J, Zhang H, Liu M, Du X, Zhang M.
Int Angiol. 2011;30:321-326.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial comparing bipolar coagulation and standard great saphenous stripping for symptomatic varicose veins.Lorenz D, Gabel W, Retenbacher M, Weissenhode W, Minzlall M, Stengel D.
Br J Surg. 2007;94:434-440.
Article in PubMed
• Effects of eccentric compression by a crossed-tape technique after endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein : a randomized study.Lugli.M, Cogo A, Guerzoni S, Petti A, Maleti O.
Phlebology. 2009;4:151-156.
Article in PubMed
• Prospective randomized study of endovenous radiofrequency obliteration(Closure procedure) versus ligation and stripping in a selected patient population (EVOLVES Study).Lurie F, Creton D, Eklof B, Kabnick LS, Kistner RL, Pichot O et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2003;38:207-214.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Prospective randomized study of endovenous radiofrequency obliteration (Closure) versus ligation and vein stripping (EVOLVeS) Two-year follow-up.Lurie F, Creton D, Eklof B, Kabnick LS, Kistner RL, Pichot O, Sessa C, Schuller-Petrovic S.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2005;29:67-73.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Does surgical correction of the superficial femoral vein valve change the course of varicose disease.Makarova NP, Lurie F, Hmelniker SM.
J Vasc Surg. 2001:33:361-368.
Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of 940- versus 1470-nm endovenous laser ablation for great saphenous vein incompetence.Malskat WSJ, Giang G, De Maeseneer MGR, Nijsten TE, van der Bos RR.
Br J Surg. 2016 Feb;103(3):192-8
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Multicenter randomized trial comparing compression with elastic stocking versus bandage after surgery for varicose vein.Mariani F, Marone EM,Gasbarro V, Buccalosi M, Spelta S, Amsler F et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2011;53:115-122.
Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of co-amoxiclav versus no antibiotic prophylaxis in varicose vein surgery.Mekako AI, Chetter IC, Coughlin PA, Hatfield J, McCollumPT.
Br J Surg. 2010;97(1):29-36.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein comparing 1920-nm and 1470-nm diode laser.Mendes-Pinto D, Bastianetto P, Cavalcanti Braga Lyra L, Kikuchi R, Kabnick L.
Intern Angiology. 2016;35(6):599-604.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Conventional stripping versus cryostripping : a prospective randomised trial to compare improvement in quality of life and complications.Menyhei G, Gyevnar Z, Arato E, Kelemen O, Kollar L.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;35:218-223.
Table III | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial comparing surgery with conservative treatment for uncomplicated varicose veins.Michaels JA, Brazier JE, Campbell WB, MacIntyre JB, Palfreyman SJ, Ratcliffe J.
Br J Surg. 2006;93:175-181.
Table I | Article in PubMed
• Randomised clinical trial, observational study and assessment of cost-effectiveness of the treatment of varicose veins (REACTIV trial).Michaels JA, Campbell WB, Brazier JE, et al.
Health Technol Assess. 2006;10(13):1-196.
Table I | Article in PubMed
• Randomized trial comparing cyanoacrylate embolization and radiofrequency ablation for incompetent great saphenous veins (VeClose).Morrison M, Gibson K, McEnroe S, Goldman M, King T, Weiss R et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2015,61:985-994.
Table XXVIII | Article in PubMed
• A Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovenous Laser Ablation Versus Conventional Surgery for Small Saphenous Varicose Veins.Nandhra S, El-Sheika J, Carradice D, Wallace T, Souroullas P, Samuel N et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2015;61:741-746.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Local anaesthesic flush reduces post-operative pain and haematoma formation after great saphenous vein stripping : a randomised controlled trial.Nisar A, Shabbir J, Tubassam P et al.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006;31:325-331.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• A prospective Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial of Radiofrequency Versus Laser Treatment of the Great Saphenous Vein in Patients With Varicose Veins.Nordon IM, Hinchliffe RJ, Brar R, Moxey P, Black SA, Thompson MM, Loftus IM.
Annals of Surgery. 2011;254(6):876-881.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• Efficacy of polidocanol foam versus liquid in sclerotherapy of the great saphenous vein: a multicentre randomised controlled trial with a 2 year follow-up.Ouvry P, Allaert FA, Desnos P, Hamel-Desnos C.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;36:366-370.
Table XX | Article in PubMed
• Randomized Clinical Trial of Different Bandage Regimens after Foam Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins.O’Hare JL, Stephens J, Parkin D, et al.
Br J Surg. 2010;97:650-656.
Table XXII | Article in PubMed
• 1470 nm diode laser for endovenous ablation (EVLA) of incompetent saphenous veins – a prospective randomized pilot study comparing warm and cold tumescence anesthesia.Pannier F, Rabe E, Maurins U.
Vasa. 2010;39:249-255.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Varicose vein surgery. Stripping versus the CHIVA method: a randomized controlled trial. Parés JO, Juan J, Tellez R, Mata A, Moreno C, Quer FX et al.
Ann Surg. 2010; 251:624-631.
Table VI | Article in PubMed
• Radiofrequency endovenous obliteration versus stripping of the long saphenous vein in the management of primary varicose veins: 3-year outcome of a randomized study.Perala J, Rautio T, Biancari F, Ohtonen P, Wiik H, Heikkinen T, Juvonen T.
Ann Vasc Surg. 2005;19:669-672.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Endoscopic versus open subfascial division of incompetent perforating veins in the treatment of venous leg ulceration: a randomized trial.Pierik EGJM, Van Urj H, Hop CJ, Wittens CHA.
J Vasc Surg. 1997;26:1049-1054.
Article in PubMed
• Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Sapheno-Femoral Ligation and Stripping of the Great Saphenous Vein with Endovenous Laser Ablation (980 nm) Using Local Tumescent Anaesthesia: One Year Results.Pronk P, Gauw SA, Mooij MC,Gaastra MTW, Lawson JA, van Goethem AR, van Vlijmen-van Keulen CJ.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;40:649-656.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Efficacy and safety of great saphenous vein sclerotherapy using standardised polidocanol foam (ESAF): a randomised controlled multicentre clinical trial.Rabe E, Otto J, Schliephake D, Pannier F.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008:35:238-245.
Table XX | Article in PubMed
• There is no benefit from 6 weeks’ postoperative compression after varicose vein surgery: a prospective randomised trial.Raraty M G T, Greaney M G, Blair S D.
Phlebology. 1999; 14:21-25. doi: 10.1177/026835559901400106
• Randomized clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, foam sclerotherapy and surgical stripping for great saphenous varicose veins with 3 year follow-up.Rasmussen LA, Lawaetz M, Serup J, Bjoern L, Vennits B, Blemings A, Eklof B.
J Vasc Surg & Venous Lym Dis 2013;1:349-356
Table XIV
• A randomized clinical trial comparing endovenous laser ablation, radiofrequency ablation, foam sclerotherapy and surgical stripping for great saphenous varicose veins.Rasmussen LA, Lawaetz M, Bjoern L, Vennits B, Blemings A, Eklof B.
Br J Surg. 2011;98:1079-1087
Table XIV | Article in PubMed
• Randomized trial comparing endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein with ligation and stripping in patients with varicose veins : short-term results.Rasmussen LH, Bjoern L, Lawaetz M, Blemings A, Lawaetz B, Eklof B.
J Vasc Surg. 2007;46:308-315.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized trial comparing endovenous laser ablation with stripping of the great saphenous vein: clinical outcome and recurrence after 2 years.Rasmussen LH, Bjoern L, Lawaetz M, Blemings A, Lawaetz B, Eklof B.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;39:630-635.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized trial comparing endovenous laser ablation and stripping of the great saphenous vein with clinical and duplex outcome after 5-years.Rasmussen LH, Lawaetz M, Bjoern L, Blemings A, Eklof B.
J Vasc Surg. 2013;56:421-426.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Comparable effectiveness of endovenous laser ablation and high ligation with stripping of the great saphenous vein: two-year results of a randomized clinical trial (RELACS study).Rass K, Frings N, Glowack P, Hamsch C, Gräber S, Vogt T, Tilgen W.
Arch Dermatol.2012;148;49-58.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Same Site Recurrence is More Frequent After Endovenous Laser Ablation Compared with High Ligation and Stripping of the Great Saphenous Vein: 5 year Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial (RELACS Study).Rass K, Frings N, Glowacki P, Gräber S, Tilgen W, Vogt T.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2015;50(5):648-656.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Cost effectiveness analysis of surgery versus conservative treatment for uncomplicated varicose veins in a randomized control trial.Ratcliffe J, Brazier JE, Campbell WB, Palfreyman SJ, MacIntyre JB, Michaels JA.
Br J Surg. 2006;93:182-186.
Table I | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous obliteration versus conventional stripping operating in the treatment of primary varicose veins: a randomized controlled trial with comparison of the costs.Rautio T, Ohinmaa A, Perala J, Ohtonen P, Heikkiken T, Wiik H et al.
J Vasc Surg. 2002;35:958-965.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• A randomized controlled trial comparing transilluminated powered phlebectomy with hook avulsions: an adjunct to day surgery.Ray-Chaudury SB, Huq Z, Souter RG, McWhinnie D.
The Journal of One Day Surgery. 2003;13:24-27.
Table V
• For how long do we have to advise elastic support after varicose vein surgery? A prospective randomized study.Rodrigus I, Bleyn J.
Phlebology. 1991;6:95-98. doi: 10.1177/026835559100600207
• Endovenous laser ablation versus conventional surgery in the treatment of small saphenous vein incompetence.Roopram AD, Lind MY, Van Brussel JP, Terloux-Punt LC, Birnie E, De Smet AEA et al.
J Vasc Surg: Venous and Lym Dis. 2013;1 357-363.
Table VIII
• Randomized trial of stripping versus high ligation combined with sclerotherapy in the treatment of the incompetent greater saphenous vein.Rutgers PH, Kitslaar PJEHM.
Am J Surg. 1994;168:311-315.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovenous Laser Ablation Versus Conventional Surgery for Small Saphenous Varicose Veins.Samuel N, Carradice D, Wallace T, Mekako A, Hatfield J, Chetter I.
Ann Surg. 2013;257(3):419-426.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Comparison of 12-W versus 14-W Endovenous laser ablation in the treatment of great saphenous varicose veins: 5-Year outcomes from a randomized controlled trial.Samuel N, Wallace T, Carradice D, Mazari F AK, Chetter C.
Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. 2013;47:346-352.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Hook phlebectomy versus transilluminated powered phlebectomy for varicose veins surgery. Early results. Scavée V, Lesceu O, Theys S et al.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2003;25: 473-475.
Table V | Article in PubMed
• Conventional versusinvaginated stripping of the great saphenous vein : a randomized double–controlled clinical trial.Scheltinga MR, Wijburg ER, Keulers BJ, De Kroon CE.
World J Surg. 2007;31:2236-2242.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Compression therapy versus surgery in the treatment of patients with varicose veins: a RCT.Sell H, Vikatamaa P, Albäck A,Lepäntello M, Malmivaraa A, Mahmound O, Vernemo M.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2014: 47(6):670-677.
Table I | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of ultrasoundguided foam sclerotherapy versus surgery for the incompetent great saphenous vein.Shadid N, Ceulen R, Nelemans P, et al.
Br J Surg. 2012;99:1062-1070.
Table XII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of VNUS Closure FASTTM radiofrequency ablation versus laser for varicose veins.Shepherd AC, Gohel MS, MD,Brown LC, Metcalf MJ, Hamish M, Davies AH.
Br J Surg. 2010;97:810-818.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• Cost-effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation versus laser for varicose veins.Shepherd AC, Ortega-Ortega M, Gohel MS, Epstein D, Brown LC, Davies AH
Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2015;31(5):289-296.
Table X | Article in PubMed
• Randomised trial of preoperative colour duplex marking in primary varicose vein surgery: Outcome is not improved.Smith JJ, Brown L, Greenhalgh RM, Davies AH.
Eur. J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2002;23:336-343.
Article in PubMed
• The Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire, Patient Factors and Referral for Treatment.Staniszewska A, Tambyraja A. Afolabi E, Bachoo P, Brittende J.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2013;4:715-718.
Article in PubMed
• Comparative outcomes of radiofrequency endoluminal ablation, invagination stripping and cryostripping in the treatment of great saphenous vein insufficiency.Stötter L, Schaaf I, Bockelbrink A.
Phlebology. 2006;21:60-64. doi:10.1258/026835506777304692
Table XXVI
• Radiofrequency ablation vs conventional surgery for varicose veins-a compison of treatment costs in a randomized trial.Subromania S, Lees T.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;39:104-111.
Table VII | Article in PubMed
• Endoscopic versus open subfascial division of incompetent perforating veins in the treatment of venous leg ulceration: Long-term follow-up.Sybrandy JEM, van Gent WB, Pierik EGJM, Wittens CHA.
J Vasc Surg. 2001;33:1028-1032.
Article in PubMed
• A prospective randomised trial of tourniquet in varicose vein surgery.Sykes TC, Brookes P, Hickey NC.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2000;82:280-282.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Cost- effectiveness of ultrasound- guided foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation or surgery as treatment for primary varicose veins from the randomized CLASS trial.Tassie E, Scotland G,Brittenden J, Cotton SC, Cambell MK, Gough M et al.
Br J Surg. 2014;101:1532-1540.
Table XIII | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser ablation: does standard above-knee great saphenous vein ablation provide optimum results in patients with above-and below-knee reflux. A randomized controlled trial. Theivacumar NS, Dellagrammmaticas D, Mavor AID, Gough MJ.
J Vasc Surg. 2008;48:173-178.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Neovascularization and Recurrence 2 years after treatment for sapheno-femoral and great saphenous reflux: a comparison of surgery and endovenous laser.Theivacumar NS, Darwood MJ, Gough MJ.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2009;38:203-207.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• The VANISH-2 study: a randomized, blinded, multicenter study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of polidocanol endovenous microfoam 0,5% and 1,0% compared with placebo for the treatment of saphenofemoral junction incompetence.Todd KL, Wright DI; VANISH-2 Investigator Group
Phlebology. 2014;29(9):608-618
Table XIX | Article in PubMed
• Reduction of varicose vein recurrence by use of post-operative compression stockings.Travers JP, Makin GS.
Phlebology. 1994;9:104-107. doi: 10.1177/026835559400900304
• Comparison of efficacy and safety between foam sclerotherapy and conventional sclerotherapy: a controlled clinical trial.Ukrimanoroat T,
J med Assoc Thai 2011;94. Suppl 2:535-540.
Table XX | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of endovenous laser ablation versus steam ablation(LAST trial) for great saphenous varicose veins.van der Bos R R, Malskat W S J, De Maeseneer M G R, de Roos K P, Groeneweg D A G, Kockaert M A, Neumann H A M, Nijsten T.
Br J Surg. 2014;101:1077-1083.
Table XVII | Article in PubMed
• Five-year results of a randomized clinical trial of conventional surgery, endovenous laser ablation and ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy in patients with great saphenous varicose veins.van der Velden SK, Biemans AA, De Maeseneer MG, Kockaert MA, Cuypers PW, Hollestein LM, Neumann HA, Nijsten T, van den Bos RR.
Br J Surg. 2015;102:1184-1194.
Table XIII | Article in PubMed
• Conservative versus surgical treatment of venous leg ulcers : A prospective, randomized, multicenter trial.van Gent WB, Hop WC, Van Prag MC, Mackaay AJ, de Boer EM, Wittens CH.
J Vasc Surg. 2006;44:563-571.
Table II | Article in PubMed
• Influence of perforating vein surgery in patients with venous ulceration.van Gent WB, Wittens CHA.
Phlebology 2015. 30 ;127-132.
Table II | Article in PubMed
• Mechanical Inhibition of Angiogenesis at the Saphenofemoral Junction in the Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins. Early Results of a Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. van Rij AM, Jones GT, Hill, G, Amer M, Thomson IA, Pettigrew RA, Packer SGK.
Circulation. 2008;118:66-74.
Article in PubMed
• Role of subfascial endoscopic perforator surgery (SEPS) in management of perforator in competence in varicose veins : a prospective randomized study.Vashist MG, Malik V, Singhal N.
Indian J Surg 2014 ;76 :117-123
Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser treatment for varicose veins in patients with active ulcers: measurement of intravenous and perivenous temperatures during the procedure.Viarengo ML, Potério-Filhio J, Potério M Menezes FH, Meirelles GV.
Dermatol Surg. 2007;33:1234-1242
Table II | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser obliteration for the treatment of primary varicose veins.Vuylstecke M, Van den Busche D, Audenaert EA, Lissens P.
Phlebology. 2006;21:80-87. doi:10.1258/026835506777304683
Table VIII
• Endovenous laser treatment: is there a clinical difference between using a1500 nm and a 980 nm diode lmasert ? A multicenter randomised clinical trial.Vuylsteke M, De Bo H,Dompe G, Di Crisci D, Abbad, CM, Mordon S.
Intern Angiology. 2011;30:327-334.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein using a bare fibre versus a tulip fibre : a randomised clinical trial.Vuylsteke M, Thomis S, Mahieu P, Mordon S , Fourneau I.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2012;44:587-592.
Table XI | Article in PubMed
• Effect of external valvuloplasty of the deep vein in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency of the lower extremity.Wang S-M, Hu Z-J, Li S-Q, Huang X-L, Ye C-S.
J Vasc Surg. 2006;44:1296-1300.
Article in PubMed
• Causes of varicose vein recurrence: late results of a randomized controlled trial of stripping the long saphenous vein.Winterborn R.J, Foy C , Earnshaw J.J.
J Vasc Surg. 2004;40:634-639.
Table IVTable XV | Article in PubMed
• Randomized trial of PTFE patch for recurrent great saphenous varicose veins.Winterborn R.J, Earnshaw J.J.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006;34:367-373.
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Randomized trial of flush saphenofemoral ligation for primary great saphenous varicose veins.Winterborn R.J, Foy C , Heather H, Earnshaw J.J.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;36:477-484
Table XV | Article in PubMed
• Assessment of the efficacy and safety of steam vein sclerosis as compared to classic surgery in lower extremity varicose vein management.Wozniak W, Mlosek RK, Ciostek P.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne. 2015;10(1):15-24.
Table XXXII | Article in PubMed
• Varisolve® polidocanol microfoam compared with surgery or sclerotherapy in the management of varicose veins in the presence of trunk vein incompetence: European randomized controlled trial.Wright D, Gobin J-P, Bradbury AW, Coleridge-Smith P, Spooelstra H et al.
Phlebology. 2006;21:180-190. doi: 10.1258/026835506779115807
Table XII
• Comparative Study of Duplex-Guided Foam Sclerotherapy and Duplex-Guided Liquid Sclerotherapy for the Treatment of Superficial Venous Insufficiency.Yamaki T, Nozaki M, Iwasaki.
Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:718-722.
Table XX | Article in PubMed
• Prospective Randomised Comparative Study of Visual Foam Sclerotherapy Alone or in Combination with Ultrasound-guided Foam Sclerotherapy for Treatment of Superficial Venous Insufficiency: Preliminary Report.Yamaki T, Hamahata A, Soejima K, Kono T, Nozaki M, Sakurai H.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2012;43:343-347.
Table XXIII | Article in PubMed
• Randomized clinical trial of endovenous microwave ablation combined with high ligation versus conventional surgery for varicose veins.Yang L, Wang XP, Su WJ, Zhang Y, Wang Y.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2013;46:473-479.
Table XVI | Article in PubMed
• [A random, comparative study on endovenous laser therapy and saphenous veins stripping for the treatment of great saphenous vein incompetence.]Ying L, Sheng Y, Ling H, Lian Y, Hui Y, Ming W.
Zhonghua-Yi-Xue-Za-Zhi. 2007;87(43):3043-3046.
Table VIII | Article in PubMed
• Hemodynamic CHIVA correction surgery versus compression for primary venous ulcers: first year results.Zamboni P, Cisno C, Marchetti P, Fogato L, Carandina S, De Palma M et Liboni A.
Phlebology. 2004;19:28-34. doi:10.1258/026835504773042248
Table II
• Minimally invasive surgical management of primary venous ulcers vs. compression treatment: a randomized clinical trial. Zamboni P, Cisno C, Marchetti F, Mazza L, Fogato L, Carandina S, De Palma M, Liboni A.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2003;25:313-318.
Table II | Article in PubMed