Duplex ultrasound as first-line imaging for morphology and hemodynamics in the upper limb venous system

Niels BÆKGAARD,1 MD; Charlotte STRANDBERG,2 MD 1Vascular Department, Gentofte Hospital and Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; 2Department of Radiology, Gentofte and Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract This review describes venous anatomy and hemodynamic characteristics for venous return in the upper limb, including main differences in comparison with venous drainage in the lower limb. Duplex ultrasound (DUS) is the first-line imaging modality even it seems less standardized than other investigation approaches for veins in the lower limb. This article presents useful instructions to assess veins from the peripheral to the thoracic outlet via the costoscalene hiatus. Without basic understanding, it is…

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