Effectiveness of micronized purified flavonoid fraction–based conservative treatment in chronic venous edema

Vadim Yu BOGACHEV, MD, PhD On behalf of the VAP-PRO-C3 study investigators group. Department of Faculty Surgery No. 2, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (RNRMU), Moscow, Russia Abstract Aim: This study assessed the effectiveness of micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF)-based conservative treatment in patients with chronic venous edema (CVE) as part of an observational program that evaluated the management of patients with CVE caused by the primary forms of chronic venous disease (CVD) in real clinical practice. Materials and methods. The VAP-C3 (Vein Act Prolonged-C3; NCT03722836) prospective, single-arm, observational study was conducted in Russia in adult outpatients with CVD…

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Edema in venous insufficiency

Einar STRANDEN Section of Vascular Investigations Oslo Vascular Centre Oslo University Hospital, Aker ABSTRACT Edema is a clinical state characterized by an accumulation of fluid in the interstitial or intracellular space. This accumulation develops when the net transcapillary filtration rate exceeds the lymphatic drainage rate over a period of time. In other words, increased filtration or reduced lymph flow or both. The present chapter focuses on the lower limb edema frequently associated with venous insufficiency. Because the key pathophysiological factor behind this edema is increased distal venous pressure in the upright position, much attention is given to the mechanisms leading…

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